Buffet Crampon E11 Performance Series Clarinet

For those that desire the standard of a Buffet Crampon single-reed instrument but are on a tight budget, the Buffet Crampon E11 clarinet solves the matter. This is the newest instrument in the Buffet range, with three different models in the key of A, Eb, and C.

The E11 Clarinet, made of grenadilla wood, until recently was made at the Buffet Crampon manufacturing facility in Germany. Currently, Buffet Crampon E11 clarinets are created in France – where Buffet’s other professional clarinets are crafted. The Buffet Crampon E11 single-reed instrument may be the most recommended instrument for intermediate players and has been popular with music instructors for years.

The Three Keys of the Buffet Crampon E11

  • Key of A

Buffet E11 A Clarinet: These are perfect for a student who is advancing. The E11 offers many features available on professional clarinets yet at a lower cost.  It is made with a beautiful grenadilla wood body, silver-plated keys with an adjustable thumb rest, and undercut tone holes.

  • Key of Eb

This Eb Clarinet is Increasingly In-Demand. Concert Orchestras and their composers are turning more often to the Eb clarinet in order to make the most of the entire range of clarinets and the unique tone each creates. Buffet Crampon’s E-11 Eb is an intermediate student model fashioned with beautiful grenadilla wood. Its bore enables fluid ease of responsiveness, and now what was thought of as a specialization clarinet, has become accessible to all clarinetists.

  • Key of C

This relatively new model of the E11 is designed for young players and focuses on ease of use and comfort, with its specifically designed ergonomic key design. With the same mouthpiece that is on Bb clarinets, music teachers and clarinet instructors are recommending this E11c clarinet due to its capability to encourage correct embouchure.

AfricanBlackwood Buffet Crampon E11 Body

Known as an excellent producer of 13-key clarinets, French instrument maker Denis Buffet Auger’s brand’s vision is to be the “Global Reference in Wind Instruments”. Buffet Crampon embodies quality and reliability. Buffet e11 clarinet’s body is a wooden clarinet made up of Dalbergia melanoxylon, an African black-wood flowering plant, that is carefully hand brushed for better durability and high quality.

The wood originated in Tanzania and Mozambique. It is dark and strong which provides a richer and deeper sound than clarinets made of plastic. It is important to oil the instrument properly. Make sure the bore is dry. This is the key to maintaining a clear sound and warm tone, which makes it easier to stimulate higher notes with less screech. Students and beginners might have a hard time using this as it needs harder reed and embouchure. It is designed for intermediate and advanced players, but because of its popularity and good quality, even instructors use it.

The Buffet E11 is great for the student looking to upgrade. Once one graduates from their beginner instrument, typically manufactured from plastic to a wood intermediate clarinet, the Buffet Crampon E11 is that the most commonly recommended. With incredible attention to detail and outstanding style and assembly, the E11 features a new design that offers a quality wood Bb clarinet for students. For instance, to improve tone and create a quicker response, the E11 clarinet’s tone-holes are undercut and it’s Boehm-system keys are not stamped metal but forged, Then they’re copper-plated and at last, they’re silver-plated employing a methodology developed by Buffet Crampon. The E11’s key movement is formed precise and simple by the utilization of pointed stainless-steel needle springs instead of lesser quality springs. When one plays rapid phrases the difference in spring action is noticeable. Even the Clarinet’s pads on an E11 are superior. They’re designed from double fish skin, a premium alternative in pad material, insuring superb air sealing. Many will find that the E11 Clarinet’s intonation is astounding even for the throat tones A and B.

history of the Buffet Crampon E11

People have been confused about the history of the E11 Bb Germany and E11 Bb France. The original Buffet E11 Bb was made in Germany. The keys were made with nickel plates. There was a time in production when the German-made Buffet E11 Bb was transitioned to silver-plated keys. The production of these clarinets was outsourced to a company called Schreiber-Keilwerth. Buffet purchased the old Leblanc France factory in 2009, which was intended to move the production away from an outsourced company. Buffet took 100% of E11 Bb’s production under its control. This effectively discontinued the German-made E11 Bb in favor of the E11 Bb France

The E11 is produced by a trusted brand, comes with a leather case, has precise intonation and response, has a deep and rich sound, and is a good instrument for both intermediate and advanced players. But just as nothing is perfect, the product also has its drawbacks. Aside from being costlier than any other intermediate Bb clarinets, it requires frequent maintenance, it is not suitable for beginners, and the player must use harder reeds for quality sound. Overall, the Buffet Crampon E11 Bb would be a good foundation for serious-minded students aiming to become professionals.

As usual, the Buffet Crampon brand has a warranty, which is one of the reasons buying their Clarinets and specifically the Buffet E11 clarinet is a good idea.

Buffet Crampon E11 Features

The E11 France Bb features a new borehole influence by Buffet Crampon’s pro clarinets and modified for student clarinetists. The master craftsmen of Buffet Crampon utilize unstained African blackwood in fashioning the E11 Clarinet. When shaping and creating the clarinet, this durable and sturdy wood is first treated then hand-lacquered to guarantee years of reliable use.

The features include silver-plated key work finish, stainless steel springs, and bladder pads. It has a pitch of 442 Hz and has 17 keys. The quality is good which justifies the cost. Although it is more costly than other advanced-level Bb clarinets, the price you pay for it is worth it. The black bore and silver-plated keys give the player visual and audible appeal. The attention to detail in its design separates the instrument from the ordinary. To enhance pitch precision, the tone holes of the E11 Bb clarinet are undercut. It gives professional-like characteristics for an intermediate price. Upon purchasing the Buffet Crampon E11 Bb clarinet, you will also get an original mouthpiece by Buffet Crampon and a protective brown case. Other accessories included are a swab, cork grease, pencil, and a reed.

the Buffet Crampon E11: The Perfect intermediate Clarinet

It plays very smoothly compared to most beginner clarinets. If this is an upgrade, you will be able to hear a noticeable difference in your playing. This clarinet is perfect for the high-school student going to college as a clarinet major, it plays well enough to be used all the way to graduation. Like all Buffet Crampon, it resonates very well in the mid to lower registers. This is not a Green Line instrument like the R13, so remember to keep it out of bad climate conditions.

This E11 has a  ringless bell and comes furnished with a new model mouthpiece and Vandoren reed. It is delivered in a very cool protective, practical and ergonomic backpack. These Buffet Crampon E11 Clarinets are outstanding quality intermediate instruments every blooming clarinetist would be proud to own.

Best Saxophone Brands


To purchase a saxophone can be challenging if you do not know how to obtain one. This is especially so with the number of saxophone labels available today. It is therefore vital to get all the information you can on the device before you set on to purchasing one. This can even become more necessary where you do not have a knowledgeable person assisting out. If you’re a novice, you may have challenges determining whether you want to lease or purchase your saxophone or whether it’s okay to get vintage rather than a brand new piece. That being said here are the best saxophone brands.


Many saxophone brands out there asserts reputation, but the Selmer brand stands to hold its record dating back to the nineteenth century with Henri Selmer and his clarinet reed. The saxophone has been designed to provide ideal sounds. It displays a solid essential outline that enables correct and accurate keying making it an excellent suit for starters. Its yellow brass frame comes with a distinguishable body to bow linkage and a ribbed creation to guarantee sturdiness and durability while in use. Other attributes include a locker mechanism of the left-hand key which has been effected with a C# modifying screw, a high F# key, and a shaped mouthpiece sketched to provide expert standard tones.


This brand started in 1896 as a brasswind firm. It’s an additional great player in the game with high-quality saxophones that experts globally utilize today. The brand’s saxophone is from the best models which are devices that constitute the high point of artistry for correct players. With an average amount of resistance, a skillful player can be able to find a correctly pure tone with the depth. The saxophone can allow you to express yourself freely. Its capability degree is professional, and it’s made of bronze.
Yamaha saxophone was designed to be used by starters, intermediaries, and experts alike. It is provided with a relatively light load and a basic ergonomic outline that makes it simple to handle and play. It has stellar intonation enabling players to grow their sounds. This saxophone has been upgraded to provide the best standard sound, a brand new firm neck receiver, and a modest B-C# link that offers an ideal modification to guarantee clear intonation. Apart from the new neck receiver characterizing a sturdy screw for simple alterations, it can promote swift vital feedback. Thus making playing straightforward and its sturdiness revamped.

Mendini by Cecilio

Mendini by Cecilio saxophone is an ideal instrument for learners and a perfect inclusion to experts and intermediate players. These instruments are gathered from over three hundred handcrafted pieces entirely produced by Cecilio. Before selling, the instrument is played tried at its issuance center, making it a trainer’s preference. Another reason why these saxophones have met with music trainer’s acceptance is that they are simple to utilize and ideal for starters. Their big bore is suitable to youthful players as it enables them to make an abundant bodied sound. This is accompanied by keys that reply fairly fast allowing for easy play.

What are the Best Clarinet Brands

There are several brands that are eligible to be the best clarinet brands, some of them are more budget conscious and other more perfectionist. The most important when choosing a clarinet brand is to consider which one has a clarinet that is able to perform the level that we present at the moment, and at the same time allow us to use the clarinet fingering Chart in a proper way.

We have prepared a sample of the brands that we think would be useful to know for anybody that is planning to buy a clarinet.


Buffet Crampon

This is a French producer that has been around for a long time, and it is full of tradition and prestige. They display in their catalog an ample variety of instruments, from beginners, intermediate and professional clarinets. Their products are everywhere in the world and are used in the most recognized orchestras around the globe. T know more about them we have prepared a complete review.

Yamaha Instruments

The famous Japanese company started its wind instrument production with the release of theYTR-1 Trumpet, the products that was a pioneer of long list of wind instrument, like clarinets, trumpets, flutes, saxophones and a n amazingly long list of wind instruments. The producers have been prolific not only in the variety of instrument, also in the amount of models that they display in its list of items.

Leblanc Wind Instruments

Founded by George Leblanc in the late 1900 in France, in La Couture-Boussey, the commune of the department of Eure, Leblanc bought Noblet which was the oldest instruments producer in the country.

Later on Léon Leblanc and Vito Pascucci to started importing wind instruments to distribute them in the USA so that begin the operations of the G.Leblanc, that was born in Wisconsin.

Beyond work with the Leblanc, the corporation included another instruments produced for another French firms, which overtime became also part of the Leblanc brand.

The division of Steinway Musical Instruments, Conn-Selmer acquired the Leblanc Corporation in 2004.


This Corporation has put together overtime a large list of highly prestigious brands of several kinds of musical instruments like the aforementioned Leblanc, Ludwig, Selmer, Holton and more.

The products that the conglomerate provides are intended to satisfy any level of skills that the player presents. Beginners, intermediate and professionals, all of them can browse an ample variety of instruments that gives them the peace of mind that they are dealing with highly recognized brands.

Being a subsidiary of Steinway Musical Instruments inc, and the solely distributor of the Yaganisawa saxophones in the USA, Conn-Selmer is recognized also for its support to musical education, and provides a number of tools that are especially designed for it.


Markneukirchen in Germany, a region of long musical instruments production tradition, was the place of birth of Kurt Gemeinhardt, who after his apprenticeship, left to Switzerland to make flutes for the most recognized players of the time. The job gave him the privilege to be considered the best on his job.

Then left to Indiana where after a couple of decades making instruments for middlemen, he decided to open his own company, which main visual feature was that the Gemeinhardt’ name was inscribed in every single instrument.

The huge success of the company made that Kurt has to upgrade his company regularly, not only in size, but also in the diversity of instruments that the factory produced.The instruments are still engraved with the name of this traditional and admired brand.

F.Arthur Uebel

Son of the clarinet manufacturer Friedrich Gustav Uebel, In 1936 F. Arthur Uebel, setup his own workshop in Markneukirchen in the Vogtlandkreis district of Germany. When his mentor Oskar Oehler passed away he founded the brand of F. Arthur Uebel, continuing the practice of crafting high quality clarinets. Then he led the introduction of the revolutionary Boehm system, which originated in France made the manufacturing of these instruments gain a new level in response, ergonomics and sound.

After a quick review of the best clarinet brands, we can conclude that the highest quality brands,are traditional companies that started in Europe many years ago,and then their products became available in America, either by the production of the instruments, or  by entrepreneurs that decided to import them from Europe.

Several of the producers,were acquired for bigger conglomerates that managed to handle a number of prestigious brands.

This article has been planned as a small introduction for the comprehensive individual brand reviews that will appear in the future.

Types of Saxophones


One of the richest families of the Woodwind instruments is the saxophone family and the variety of types of saxophones which that belong to it is quite outstanding. The most used of them are the alto and the tenor saxophones, but there are many more, like the soprano, the sopranino, the bass saxophone, the contrabass, to name some of them. Let’s summarize some of the mains features of some of them.

Tenor Sax

This saxophone, is in the medium size range of the saxophone family, been pitched in the B♭ key, and contemporary Tenor Sax have a range from A♭2 to E5, when have a high F♯ key.

The ligature mouthpiece and the reeds of the Tenor Sax are bigger in size that the pieces utilized in Soprano and Alto Sax. This instrument is highly known because the sound that releases blends really well whit those of the Soprano and alto, and is visually distinguished from the aforementioned, for the twist on the curvature.


Playing in Jazz music an important role especially in big bands forming a trio with the baritone and Alto Sax, the Tenor is occupied in Classical music mostly as a supporting instrument and sometimes have part in symphonic pieces, been the most popular the Ravel’s Bolero.

Some of the most recognized Jazz musicians for playing the Tenor Sax are: Coleman Hawkins John Coltrane, Wayne Shorter, Sonny Rollins, Stan Getz and numerous more.

Tenor sax fingerings ,Tenor sax keys and tenor sax range can be found in this tenor sax fingering chart video  or  in our Alto Saxophone Fingering Chart article.

Bass Sax

The Bass sax is an especially big saxophone, even bigger than the more popular Baritone saxophone, is not very often utilized in any kind of music, but can be found in some jazz records that come from the beginning of the 20th century. The most prolific composer of musical arrangements that use the bass saxophone is the American composer Warren Benson.

The instrument was use often between both world wars years but almost never was use like a solo instrument. In our days is used sporadically and normally is not the main instrument in which the players are specialized.

Outstanding players of Bass sax are between others:  Billy Fowler, Adrian Rollini, Otto Hardwicke,  Boyd Raeburn and  in more recent years Jan Garbarek .

Curved Soprano Saxophone

Being the third smallest in the saxophone family the Curved Soprano Saxophone is the type of saxophones that sometimes people prefer because the position that the player have to use make less stressful to grab and it is also possible to use a neck strap , which for lots of players feels more comfortable. Many find that with this kind of sax is easier to stand that when playing Straight Soprano Saxophone.

Also some musicians say that in the lowest range the instrument can produce a greater variety of tone shades.

Contrabass saxophone

The contrabass is exceptionally big, standing 6 feet four inches tall, 2 times the width of the baritone saxophone and 45 pounds of weight; the instrument is pitched one octave below the baritone saxophone on the key of E♭.

Having a rich tone it can be warm and soft or strong and punitive, depending of the intention of the player and the combination of the reed and the mouth piece that the musician chooses.

The growing number of musicians that uses contrabass saxophone, have provoked that the variety of pieces that have sections especially dedicated for the instrument have increase exponentially and is frequently used in big bands that use an important saxophone section.

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Bari saxophone

The Bari saxophone is a narrowed tube of tiny brass. At the end has bell form, and is linked to a mouthpiece. Like the clarinet, this saxophone uses a sole reed mouthpiece. There are two sizes of Bari sax , one that is low B♭4] and the other  that is low A. Even though, that at the beginning all the Bari were low B♭,the practical fact that musicians started to demand low A instruments, made necessary that the producers started to having them regularly in stock.

Of the Saxophones most utilized the baritone sax is the lowest-pitched and also the biggest.Only Th subcontrabass, the contrabass and the bass saxophones are bigger than the Bari, but they are rarely used.

The instrument is often used in many kind of music formation like for example; Jazz combos and big bands, concert formations and chamber set ups, or also military bands. It also can be frequently seen in marching band, but its big size is regarded a drawback.


The family if saxophone is if not the biggest one of the biggest family of woodwinds instruments,and for us was important to reflect the type of saxophones that we love to listen to.Even though the difference in sounds and colors are big,we think that exactly this difference is the fact that allow us to get such a great experience when we listen or play saxophone.

It doesn’t matter if is Jazz music, Classical music or any kind of music band that use  the saxophone, the instrument have immense presence making impossible t not be recognized as one of the most important segment of numers of orchestras and bands.

Buffet Crampon Clarinet Guide

Buffet Crampon clarinets are known world-wide for having a lovely warm tone. They offer superb response accompanied by a smooth and even intonation. The Buffet Crampon clarinet is played all over the world by many gifted and talented musicians. Whatever the level of musical ability, there is a Buffet Crampon clarinet that will help developing musicians progress their musical talent. 

Is the Buffet Crampon a Good Clarinet?

The vast majority of clarinets used by professional and students musicians alike are the historic Buffet Crampon instruments. The most smoothing tones are said to be produced by Woodwind Instruments and Buffet Crampon are the leading producers of instruments which fall under this category and a good example is the Buffet e11 clarinet.

The Buffet Crampon have earned their name among the Clarinetists to have provided them with the best quality clarinets. The provide versatile models of clarinets which include Harmony Clarinets, Bass Clarinet and Soprano clarinets which is divided into Student, Intermediate and Professional variants. 

Buffet Crampon produces Flutes, Reeds, Double Reed, Clarinet and Saxophones. But the specialization is in Clarinets as they produce various models of Clarinets and have been chosen by many famous artists including Benny Goodman. This American jazz legend and clarinetist purchased his Buffet Crampon clarinet in Philadelphia in 1968. It was a Boehm System clarinet in A, ebony construction with German silver plated keys and rings.

Buffet Crampon clarinet tradition

The Buffet Crampon clarinet history is long and many ways is the history of the clarinet itself.  This Buffet Crampon clarinet tradition began with the production of various woodwind instruments 1825, based from France but later developed branches all over the world.

All Buffet Crampon professional clarinets, as well as some of the top student models, are made in Buffet Crampon’s French factory. The remainder of the Buffet student clarinets are manufactured in German, India and China. Read on to find out about the major series of clarinets in this great range.

In 1825 skilled  artisans crafted clarinets completely by hand. In a workshop in the center of Paris, Denis Buffet-Auger created a top notch 13-key clarinet. His son, Jean-Louis Buffet, continued his father’s legacy as a musical instrument craftsman. In 1836, to celebrate His marriage to Zoe Crampon the business was renamed “Buffet Crampon.”

Many ideas that are implemented in the Buffet Crampon clarinet designs came from professional musicians who requesting improvements and adjustments to their instruments. For example, Hyacinthe Klosé,  a Paris Conservatory of Music instructor, suggestion that the moveable rings found on flutes be added to the clarinet. This completely new system, unveiled in 1839, became so popular that a larger factor had to be built in Mantes-la-Ville (Yvelines, France) to meet demand. This allowed Buffet Crampon to branch into other arenas like saxophone production. 

In 1918, Buffet Crampon began to export instruments to the United states, and in so doing became the world leader in clarinets. When Robert Carrée became and apprentice at Buffet Crampon in 1921, his talents as an  acoustics technician led to the eventual creation of the R13 model.

Never behind in innovation, in 1994 Buffet Crampon launched a Green Line of instruments created from reconstituted ebony from Mozambique. Green Line clarinet instruments are made of a upvc composite of granadilla solid wood powder along with carbon fibers. These Instruments are not only a great use of what was considered waste byproduct, but also keeps all the acoustic properties while increasing the longevity and reliability of the instrument. The Green Line clarinets are less troubled by humidity along with temperature changes as opposed to wooden equipment. Though musical instrument construction has changed notably since the earlier days, Buffet Crampon clarinet’s traditional craftsmanship begun by Denis Buffet Auger and Jean-Louis remains the Buffet Crampon distinguishing hallmark.

What are Buffet Clarinets Made From?

The Buffet Clarinet have always been very popular among professional Clarinetist, and it is the most chosen brand by them. Buffet clarinet bodies in the professional and high-end student series are made from a range of high-quality materials. These  include African Blackwood (M’Pingo), Grenadilla wood and Buffet’s unique Green Line material. This is a composite consisting of 95% Ebony powder and 5% carbon fiber. The material is very strong, ensuring woodwind instruments that will last for years and years. The Ebony powder element produces the genuine acoustic tone of wood clarinets with an unerring consistency. This has found favor with many famous professional musicians. 

The student models of clarinets produced by Buffet Crampon are most made from resin where as the intermediate and professional clarinets are made using Granadilla Wood which is famous for being the primary material in many woodwind instruments for a very long time. Entry-level Buffet Crampon student clarinets (B10 and B12) have bodies made from ABS resin. This makes them light, durable and very affordable. 

How Much is a Buffet Crampon Clarinet Worth?

If you have found an old Buffet Crampon Clarinet and want to know its worth, the bottom line is you will be disappointed. The basic truth of the matter is that anything other than a professional model will be worth less than was paid for it. Even a professional model will be up to 25% less than the new purchase price, unless you can prove it was owned by Benny Goodman.

So On Ebay you will find used Buffet Crampon Clarinets as cheap as $120 or in the thousands. 

If you are wondering how much a new Buffet Crampon Clarinet costs, it all depends on which model you want to buy. The student models are a bit over 600 dollars. Professional Models can easily be $5,000 – $8,000.

Buffet Crampon Clarinet Types and Models

The Buffet Clarinets are very precise and can produce the sound quality of a versatile range. The pitch these instruments are capable of producing varies on the model of clarinet. Buffet  Crampon clarinets are one of the most used clarinets across the world due to its excellent and clear sound quality, versatile pitch range. Buffet Crampon have produced many different clarinet models since 1825, however many of them are no longer in production due to the changes and upgrades in the modern clarinets. Many of the old and classic Buffet Clarinets are still in production due to their unique sound output, which continue to make them popular. 

The primary difference between a “Pro” and a “Student” level clarinet is found in the craftsmanship and quality of materials used in its construction. Important also to note that the bore is commonly different in a Professional instrument. These professional grade instruments are typically more difficult to control and play. However you do have greater control of the “colors,”  tone  and projection with a pro-level clarinet. Typically a pro-level clarinet will be built sturdier and have a faster more sensitive response with the keys. 

Buffet Crampon Student Clarinets

Student B10 and B12

Buffet student clarinets are designed to help the beginner develop musical ability and acoustic capability. The B10 and B12 student models are Bb clarinets that are made from ABS resin. This gives the appearance of genuine Grenadilla wood, making these woodwind instruments strong, lightweight and easy to clean. The main difference between these are that the B10 has sponge-like Valentino pads and black tenon rings, and the B12 (and pretty much every other clarinet) has traditional skin pads and the rings are silver. A beginner will not notice any sound difference between these two clarinets.

These models are perfect for the beginner. All of the clarinets in the student range have an adjustable thumb rest. This aids correct and comfortable positioning. These models have been discontinued, though they are still being used widely, and have been replaced by their current student model clarinets, the Premium and Prodige.

Buffet Crampon Prodige and Premium Clarinets

The Buffet Prodige and Premium are pretty much the same clarinet. The body joints are molded from plastic by Buffet’s factory in France. The clarinet’s bore (which is to helps student clarinets optimize projection) is derived from the redesigned E13. 

Neither Buffet Crampon Prodige or Premium Clarinet is “better” than the other. The only point of real deep consideration is Buffet Prodige’s leather pads. Most think that a leather pad will aid in producing a warmer tone. But the down side of leather pads are prone to get sticky with student use. What I mean by that is that few students are really good and consistent about maintaining and cleaning their clarinet. This is a major sticking point (did you see what i did there?) with parents who are the ones to drive it to a repair shop when all is said and done. But if the student is diligent in swabbing out their clarinet every time they play then the leather pads will last longer!

Another key difference (yep) is the plating on the keys. The Buffet Prodige is nickel plated in order to keep cost down. The negative of this is of course that nickle plating wears off faster than silver. Choose your poison: while you have better pads on the Prodige you have “worse” nickle plating. So the the Buffet Premium has silver plated keys which cost more and will last longer, but also are irritating because they tarnish and have to be polished up from time to time.

Buffet Prodige

  • Nickel Plated Keys
  • Nickel Plated Tenon Rings
  • Leather Pads
  • Plastic Case
  • Adjustable Thumb Rest

Buffet Premium

  • Silver Plated Keys
  • Black Nickel Tenon Rings
  • Traditional Skin Pads
  • Backpack Case

Buffet Crampon Intermediate clarinets

Buffet Crampon Conservatoire C12 Bb (B flat) Clarinet

The Conservatoire (aka. C12) is similar to the legendary E13 and made for the student who has out-grown their first Buffet clarinet. Available since 2014, these models have been specifically designed and re-developed for the musician who has improved their technique and may well be considering a professional musical career. They have an easy response and remarkable accuracy. These clarinets, with their Boehm Fingerings, are highly recommended by music teachers. Conservatory models are made from high quality Grenadilla wood; a wood known for its beauty, stability and resonance. The impressive valve mechanism is beautifully silver-plated making this clarinet a dependable partner for many years in your musical progress and pleasure.

Buffet Crampon E11 Performance Series Clarinet

For those that desire the standard of a Buffet Crampon but are on a tight budget, the Buffet Crampon E11 clarinet solves the matter.Quality alternate-key student clarinets made African blackwood. They are recommended by teachers because they encourage technically correct embouchure technique. Available in A, Eb and C. The Buffet E11 is great for the student looking to upgrade. Click here for the full review! 

Buffet Crampon E12 France Intermediate Bb Clarinet

The new E12 (also known as the E12F) student clarinet, is an Intermediate clarinet was introduced to the world in 2012 by the Buffet Crampon masters. With a body gleaned from the Buffet Crampon professional models and made in their French workshops with the silver plated key assembly from and German teams in Markneukirchen.

The E12 is a tough and durable clarinet made of carefully selected grenadilla wood with a colorless varnish that protects against scratches and cracks. With the preferred leather pads to guarantee air tightness it plays with accurate intonation and is homogeneous throughout its range. There are two models on with 17 and one with 18 keys (BC2512F-2 and BC2512FL-2). Easy of play, very reliable, and precision tuning are the hallmark of this intermediate Buffet Crampon clarinet. It has an adjustable thumb rest that enables you to use a neck strap and comes with a convenient and very cool lightweight ergonomic backpack.

Buffet Crampon E13 Clarinet

The legendary E13 clarinet has not changed in over 40 years. When you hit perfection why change? The E13 is made of African blackwood and designed as a genuine soloist clarinet for advancing students. With beautiful silver plated keys, the E13 features a high-bore position almost the same as a Buffet professional clarinet. With its design origins based in the clarinet played by Jacques Lancelot, the BC20, the E13 has partnered advanced and amateur musicians to music schools, wind orchestras and conservatories all over the world.

Buffet Crampon Professional Clarinets

Buffet Crampon R13 Clarinets: Prestige / Festival / Vintage / Limitè

The legendary R13 Clarinet is the most well-known of the Buffet Crampon clarinets. It is often an automatic choice of many serious musicians. These clarinets are suitable for all types of musicians including students, professionals, teachers and soloists. Whether played in an orchestra, chamber group or marching band, this range has taken the composers’, conductors’ and musicians needs into consideration. The power in all registers combined with flexibility and rich sound make this Buffet clarinet a very popular choice.

Click here for the full review! 

Buffet Crampon Prestige RC Clarinet

The Buffet Prestige RC clarinet, made of M’Pingo wood, utilize a unique smaller hand-burnished bore design. This features a poly-cyndrical upper joint and a bell conical lower joint. First developed in 1975 by famous clarinet designer Robert Carree, whose initials are the name of these professional clarinets, known for their consistent performance and a compact and vibrant sound. With 18 silver plated keys to compliment the undercut tone holes this clarinet is a work of art. 

Though the RC is made at the same factory as the R13 models, they have a different bore design. After a decade of research and development the RC clarinet was redesigned in 2014. Because of the conical shape of its bore the RC will produce a sweeter and rounder sound. Another feature found in the RC Prestige Buffet clarinet is the unique egg shape within the bell. This shape allows the enchanting chalumeau notes to really sing.

Buffet Crampon Tosca Series Clarinets

These are top of the range, fully professional clarinets available in Bb, A and Eb. They are made of premium Grenadilla wood or Greenline material. Many well-known artists consider the Tosca range of the Buffet Crampon clarinets a musical must-have. Musicians from all continents around the world agree that the Tosca range is undoubtedly the answer to their ultimate musical quest. They are unrivalled in their consistency of intonation and stability,. They are musical instruments that provide a generous rich, round, warm velvet sound. These clarinets offer an incomparable level of elegance and style.


Buffet Crampon makes you fall in love all over again. With the history and the classy designs it is hard to want any other clarinet on the market. If I see a “buffet crampon clarinet for sale” sign, I am stopping. Buffet Crampon continues to innovate making some of today’s most popular clarinet models. Throughout its long history, Buffet Crampon has given musicians at all levels the most complete scope of clarinets. Buffet Crampon clarinets are famous for innovations and features inspired by the demanding requirements of those who know their instrument the best: the musicians, music instructors, band directors, conductors, and composers.

Clarinet In Popular Music


Regarding that there is so many information about the clarinet influence in jazz, maybe we could talk a little, about what has happened with this great instrument in other kinds of modern music. Let’s start with some good stuff.

The Beatles

I think that start with the Liverpool band  is fair, not only because what they meant  for the popular music in the last decades, but also because they display a good amounts of records in which the clarinet play  an important role in their  composition.

The Beatles used clarinets in at very least 5 songs, but the most famous are “Here come the sun” and especially “When I’m 64” which about  Paul McCartney  have long conversations with George Martin on how to finished it, resulting in to the  arrangement  that Martin wrote  for a bass clarinet and  two clarinets.

Billy Joel

Another remarkable musician that has used lots of woodwind instruments arrangements in his music, is this prolific composer and performer from New York, that has been present in the popular music billboard for decades.

The clarinet is present in several of his songs and one in that the clarinet is specially recognized is an awesome piece of classic rock called “Scenes from an Italian Restaurant”, which appeared in the set of one of Billy Joel’s most awarded albums, “The Stranger “.

Bruce Hornsby

Also a great musician that has shown an attraction for our instrument is the gifted pianist and singer Bruce Hornsby.Born in Virginia he has had a very rich and versatile career, from been member  of the hugely popular group Grateful Dead to been a session musician.

The clarinet was present in at least 2 songs of his album “Halcyon Days”, which was released in 2004 and had collaborations from musicians like Sting, Elton John and Eric Clapton. The songs in which the clarinet contribute were: “What the Hell Happened” and “ Heir Gordon”


John Helliwell, woodwinds Supertramp’s player in “Breakfast in America” played clarinet in 2 songs of the album, which was a huge success for the band from London. The set was released on A&M Records on 29 March 1979 and the presence of woodwind instruments was remarkable, like in most of the records of the rock progressive group.

The formation for the album was:

Rick Davies – Vocals and keyboards

Roger Hodgson – vocals, guitars and keyboards

John Helliwell –Woodwinds and backing vocals

Dougie Thomson – bass

Bob Siebenberg (credited as Bob C. Benberg) – drums, percussion

Van Morrison

In 2002 the amazing Northern Irish musician, composer and singer, released his 29th album “Down The Road”, which with its nostalgic feeling captivated most of the Morrison’s unconditional fans. The set included several clarinet contributions, especially in a great song called “Evening Shadows”.

The performers of the clarinet sections in the album were :Acker Bilk who added his vibrato-rich and lower-register clarinet flair ,and Martin Winning who played also the tenor saxophone.

The tracks that formed the album were:

  1. “Down the Road” – 4:15
  2. “Meet Me in the Indian Summer” – 3:57
  3. “Steal My Heart Away” – 4:20
  4. “Hey Mr. DJ” – 3:45
  5. “Talk Is Cheap” – 4:19
  6. “Choppin’ Wood” – 3:26
  7. “What Makes the Irish Heart Beat” – 3:47
  8. “All Work and No Play” – 4:51
  9. “Whatever Happened to P.J. Proby?” – 3:13
  10. “The Beauty of the Days Gone By” – 5:45
  11. “Georgia on My Mind” (Hoagy Carmichael, Stuart Gorrell) – 5:35
  12. “Only a Dream” – 4:57
  13. “Man Has to Struggle” – 5:07
  14. “Evening Shadows” (Acker Bilk, Morrison) – 4:01
  15. “Fast Train” – 5:01

Van Halen

Van Halen:

The many times recorded “Big Bad Bill”, was the song that “Van Halen”, the group formed in Pasadena California, choose to show their Jazz playing skills, but another notable fact about this track, was that it showed a terrific contribution from the father of the Van Halen brothers Jan, who displayed not only great enthusiasm for the clarinet, but also ample knowledge about what the clarinet playing is about.

Steely Dan

“”Babylon Sisters” part of the Steely Dan’s album “Gaucho”,was  one of the pieces that using  a pair of bass clarinets was  a highlight in the history of the instrument in popular music .Even though some consider Steely Dan a jazz rock band, their versatility makes that can be included in many music genders.

The clarinets in this track were played by George Marge and Walter Kane.

The set of the album was integrated by 7 songs:

  1. “Babylon Sisters”
  2. “Hey Nineteen”
  3. “Glamour Profession”
  4. “Gaucho”
  5. “Time Out of Mind”
  6. “My Rival”
  7. “Third World Man”

Talk Talk

In “Spirit of Eden” the fourth album recorded by the English band “Talk Talk” ,the clarinet was use all throughout. Released in 1988, the album was not considered a commercial success, but is considered by many people one of the best experimental pieces of those years.

Written by vocalist Mark Hollis and  Tim Friese-Greene, the producer ,the list of tracks is as follow:

  1. “The Rainbow”
  2. “Eden”
  3. “Desire”7:08
  4. “Inheritance”5:16
  5. “I Believe in You”6:24
  6. “Wealth”

And last but not least

Another  nice and talented sample of how to use the clarinet in popular music is this great version of the Pinkfloyd song Comfortably Numb .


Famous Clarinet Players

You will come across plenty of famous clarinet players on the planet, and all of them do not play instruments of the same size. Moreover, they likewise don’t even play the identical genre; while some are more adept at  jazz, others might prefer playing something more contemporary. In the following paragraphs, we will mention several famous clarinet players who have enthralled the world with their phenomenal talent.

1. Carl Baermann

This individual happens to be the son of Heinrich Baermann and, at present, he has the reputation of being a music professor plus the writer of a clarinet publication used by many students for studying music. Apart from this, Carl is likewise responsible for improving clarinet mechanics to a great extent.

2. Sharon Kam

This lady, who was born in the country of Israel, has the distinction of winning a scholarship of the reputed Jewish-American cultural society when she was only 12 years old. From then onwards, Sharon has been performing numerous concerts throughout the world. She has contributed significantly to modernizing the art of clarinet music by adapting to various styles whenever required. Interestingly, she is one person who never plays in the identical fashion.

3. Anton Stadler

Anton Stadler is arguably the most reputed clarinet player ever. He has the distinction of playing inspired Mozart so as to author the majority of his compositions. It won’t be wrong to claim him as a guide to Mozart.

4. Benny Goodman

Being a world-renowned Jewish-American clarinet player, Benny Goodman began his career as a jazz musician. However, afterward, he transformed himself into a famous clarinet player who can boast of making some innovative recordings of traditional works in his own individual style.

5. Jimmy Giuffre

This renowned artist arrived in this world in Dallas, Texas in the year 1921. He has the reputation of being a breathtaking clarinet player, saxophonist as well as arranger. He started his career during the 40s along with Woody Herman where he shot into fame by creating “Four Brothers” which was actually popular management of the band’s tune itself. He turned into a key player during the 50s while he worked along with individuals like Shorty Rogers as well as Shelley Manne. During the 60s, Jimmy joined Paul Bley, a reputed pianist, and also Steve Swallow, a famous bassist, and they together formed a formidable trio during that period. He went on to become an educator and also played in the 90s before expiring at the age of 86.

6. Margaret Knitel

This lady is known to be the first documented female clarinet player on the planet as well as the first basset horn artist in the United States. Being born in Switzerland, Margaret relocated to the US where she performed for the first time in Philadelphia. However, she had to bear lots of criticism from the American critics during that time. However, in spite of such heavy condemnation, she was likewise praised by many others for playing the instrument for the first time as a lady.

7. Pamela Weston

She’s one of the most famous clarinet players in history who had been a student of Frederick Thurston while studying at the Royal Academy of Music and afterward at the reputed Guildhall School of Music. Eventually, Pamela went on to become the professor of clarinet in the Guildhall School of Music itself. She presented her research on the history of the clarinet in her publications and articles amongst which Clarinet Virtuosi of the Past, Clarinet Virtuosi of Today and More Clarinet Virtuosi of the Past deserve special mention.

8.-Jimmy Dorsay

This awesome American clarinet player born in Shenandoah, Pennsylvania o February 29,1904, and with his brother, Tommy formed the Dorsey Brother Orchestra. they rose to fame during the big band and swing era of Jazz. In his rich career, he played in ensembles like the Nathaniel Shilkret Orchestra, Chesterfield Quarter Hour, and in the reunion with his brother Tommy at the “Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra featuring Jimmy Dorsey”

Woodwind Instruments


The name of this family of instruments comes from the fact that in the past they used to be crafted from wood. Contemporary woodwinds are made from several materials, like brass, metals, combinations of several raw materials and of course also from wood.

Woodwinds have a thin, long column of air. The low note is played when all the tone holes are closed, and the column of air  is longest. The column of air is shortened by opening the holes up successively, starting at the open end. The longer the tube is, the longer it takes for a sound wave round trip, and thus the lower the frequency.

These instruments are divided mainly in two types: Reed pipes and flutes. The manner in which they release the sound is what makes the difference with other wind instruments.

The bass clarinet, piccolo, E-flat clarinet, and contrabassoon are generally seen used as supplementary woodwind instruments in the woodwind sections of the contemporary orchestras which are mainly composed of bassoons, oboes, clarinets, and flutes. Also sometimes saxophones are included in the performance of this kind of orchestras.

The main difference between orchestras and concerts settings, is that the windwood sections that are displayed in concerts are much bigger than the sections that are used in an orchestra.

How do woodwind instruments work?

Woodwind Instrument List

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The clarinet is a single-reeded woodwind that plays higher than the bassoon but lower than the flute. It can carry a melody or blend into the background chords. It has a presence in orchestras, chamber music, and concert bands. The clarinet was invented around 1700 by Johann Christian Denner. 

Being a member of the woodwind instruments family, the clarinet consists of a cylindrical tube that is comprised of: a mouthpiece, ligature, a reed, a barrel and an upper and lower joint. The clarinet has a narrow body that’s about two feet long. It has finger holes plus a series of keys and levers along its body. It’s reed his held in place by a mouthpiece. The reed is placed between the lips to produce a tone. Opening and closing the levers and holes produce different tones.

Flutes vs Clarinets Why do these cylindrical instruments sound so different?



Patented in the 1800s by Adolphe Sax (also the inventor of the bass clarinet-thus the similarity), the saxophone is a versatile instrument of varying types. Although it’s body is made of brass, it is a woodwind instrument because sound is produced through a single reed. The highest pitched saxophones are straight, like a clarinet, and the bodies of lower pitched ones have a bell that is curved outward. 

Whatever the specific note-range of a saxophone is, all of them have a range of about 3 and a half octaves. Like the clarinet, the saxophone is played using a key structure that the performer uses to close the holes. By pressing a key the player is able to close or open a hole using its pad.The saxophone is not an instrument that many orchestral scores have been written for, but it is an important instrument in jazz bands.

Woodwind Instruments With No Mouthpiece & A Double Reed



As the largest member of the traditional woodwind instruments, the bassoon uses a double reed to generate its sound. It generates the lowest sound of the woodwind instruments included in this list. As air is blown through the double reeds, a column of air is created within the instrument. As keys are pressed down in different combinations, that shorten or lengthen the vibrating column of air inside the Basson changing the pitch.

It looks a lot like two poles joined side by side. the word in Italian for bassoon literally means “bundle of sticks.” The bassoon is held vertically, but the musician slants it across the front of their body. The music that is played with it is often composed in the tenor and bass clef. Known as it is today from the 1900’s ,this woodwind instrument has been occupied mainly in chamber and concert music. The sound of the bassoon is mostly recognized for the deep timber that emanate from it.



The oboe looks very similar to a clarinet except for the distinct double reed which replaces the reed and mouthpiece. The oboe is a unique double-reeded instrument that can produce a mellow or emotional sound. Its name comes from the “hautbois” which is French for “high wood.” Although the modern oboe was invented in the 1650s, forms of the oboe have been around for much longer than that. In ancient Egypt and in ancient Greece, the aulos was a similar instrument played with double reeds. The modern oboe was invented in Paris by a bagpiper named Jean Hotteterre. It has 15 or more levers or keys on its body. 

The oboe, like the bassoon, is a double reed woodwind instrument, and usually play in the soprano or treble clef. Some oboes are made from synthetic raw material, but the vast majority of oboes are made from wood.These musical instruments are compounded by, a conical bore, a flared bell and metal keys. The circular tube is approximately 25 ½ inches. The oboe is held vertically in front of the body. Good oboe players are able to control their breath very well, so for them, the sound is not created by blowing into the instrument, rather by letting air escape into the oboe. The modern oboe has a small range of the Bb two tones below middle C on the piano to the G four lines above the staff. An instrument often associated with the oboe is the English horn, which is an alto oboe.

Woodwind Instruments With A Mouthpiece But No Reeds



The flute is a very unique instrument, because instead of blowing into a reed to make noise, like most wind instruments, sound is produced by blowing across a sound hole at one end. Sound is produced similar to how one blows across the top of a sodapop bottle. The flute is on the high sound spectrum of the woodwind family. The modern flute is held transversely, or across the player’s face. It produces the sound from the circulation of air across a tube, and this is the main reason why is part of the group called aerophones instruments. To create different pitches, the flutist presses down keys on the instrument. Modern flutes are about two feet long, and come apart into three pieces for convenience. Theobold Boehm, a jeweler, engineer, and flutist in the 1800s, created a model of the flute that has hardly been improved on since. The modern flute has a range has a range of about three octaves, ranging from middle C (or the B one pitch below it) on the piano to three octaves above that.

The flute is one of the oldest instruments that archeologists have found evidence for. Flutes dating from around 40,000 years ago have recently been unearthed in Germany. Today there are many different kinds of flutes throughout the world. The Japanese flute known as the shakuhachi, is not held transversely, but it is held to the front, and the end of the flute is blown across instead of a sound hole as in the orchestral flute. Another interesting kind of flute is the nose flute, which is played in Hawaii and Melanesia. To play, the flutist must plug one nostril and expel air through the other nostril into the flute. Although this kind of flute doesn’t have very many keys, it can play a wide range of melodies.

Originally constructed of wood, the flute is more commonly made of metals like nickel, silver, or silver-plated brass, while more professionals models use solid silver, gold, and platinum. Long columns of air produce low notes and High notes are created by short columns of air. The flutist changes the pitch by pressing the keys down in various combinations, which in turn shortens or lengthens the internal column of air.



Another member of the woodwind family is the piccolo. The “cute” piccolo is half a flute and has the same fingerings as the transverse flute, but the sound is an octave higher. Contemporary piccolos are manufactured from several materials, like, resin, plastic, brass, silver, and woods, especially the popular granadilla, but in the past (beyond wood) were made from glass and ivory.

Early Woodwind Instruments


Scottish Bagpipe

The bagpipe is most commonly associated with Scotland. Though some would argue that the Mashak, a bagpipe found in Northern India and Pakistan is the oldest and this woodwind actually originated from India, the earliest archeology points to and area that is modern day Turkey. Three thousand years ago Hittite carvings display a form of bagpipe and the great Roman Army marched with bagpipes. According to literary references and Medieval church engravings, by the thirteenth century it seems bagpipes were in common use throughout Europe. Bagpipes have been and still are popular instruments for folk and national music. In construction, appearance, and design, bagpipes are remarkably consistent of thousands of years. 

The bagpipe consists of one blowing pipe attached to an airtight bag. The bag is then attached to several drone pipes and one melody pipe, known as the “chanter.” Bagpipes have two to four drone pipes, and a chanter which is the finger-hole pipe creating melody. The pipe can have a double reed like an oboe or a single reed like a clarinet.To produce a sound from the bagpipe, the player has to blow through the blowing pipe, and squeeze the bag with her hand to cause the air to enter the drone pipes and melody pipe. The melody pipe has finger holes so the pitch can be controlled, but the drone pipes play a constant pitch that “drones” on. 

 This reed instrument gets its wind provided by two methods: lung power and by bellows, pumped while held under one’s arm. The the bag (animal-skin) air reservoir is filled by the two methods mentioned above, and this makes the airflow and it’s sound production continuous as there is no disruption or pause for breath. The Scottish Highland Pipes or Great Pipes are fueled by lungs as opposed to the Irish Union Pipes, French Musette, and Northumbrian Pipes which are bellows fed.

There aren’t too many classical compositions for the bagpipes because two of its notes are tuned sharp. However, the drone-like quality that bagpipes are known for is often imitated in woodwind pieces called “Musette” which is the French word for bagpipe.



The recorder is a woodwind fipple flute that dates back to the 11th century. It is a relatively simple instrument with around seven finger holes and one thumb hole. There is no reed, instead a wedge of wood (“fipple”) inserted into the end you blow into, creating a tapered passage which air passes through to create vibrations. There are six basic types of recorders: sopranino, soprano(aka descant), alto (aka treble), tenor, bass, and contrabass. There is also a rarely seen, eight to nine feet tall, sub contrabass. 

To make a noise on the recorder, blow into the mouthpiece and move fingers over the finger holes to make different pitches. Recorders are often used in schools to aid the teaching of general music. For many, the first instrument a person learns how to play is a recorder since they are inexpensive and fairly easy to play regardless of hand size or embouchure..

Early recorders were used mostly in ensembles with other recorders or other soft-sounding instruments, but by the 1600s the recorder was starting to be used as a solo instrument. Influential composers such as Johann Sebastian Bach wrote for the recorder. Eventually, recorders in orchestras began to be replaced by the transverse flutes because they had a wider range and were louder.

Trumpet Fingering Chart


The Trumpet has been always one of the favorites and most enjoyed brass instruments, and for the novice players, a tool that is always useful is the trumpet fingering chart.

The amount of and variety of charts available in the net is awesome and they exist in different styles colors and sizes.Besides you can find charts that can be printed out and some that come in pdf format. Some of them are very easy to read and others are designed for advance musicians. This could be a good example that the trumpet fingering charts that you can find online today.

                             Ancient Trumpet Fingering Chart


Clarinet Fingering Chart Explained


                                   Trumpet History

Trumpets have been present from the 15 century BC or before. They were even found in the grave of Tutankhamen, and evidence shows that also were used in China and Scandinavia in those years.

According to scholars, in the ancient days the instrument was used mostly in martial or spiritual activities and not to play music in formats that are used in the present.

The Renaissance and the Middle ages, brought with them a huge improvement in the design of the trumpet, helping it to be more appropriate for the execution of contemporary music. Nevertheless the complexity of the sounds that could be created was limited by the lack of valves of the trumpets of the past. The cornets or natural trumpet, were widely popular in the baroque era, and are present prominently in the music composed by George Frederic Haendel the great German musician born in 1685 in  Halle.

                                                    Trumpet In jazz

It is said that the firs jazz player that perform with a trumpet was Buddy Bolden, but the most known trumpeters back in the day, were Louis Armstrong and Freddie Keppard.

Later showed up some outstanding players like Dizzy Gillespie, Miles Davies, Henry “Red” Allen, Roy Eldridge and e lately Wynton Marsalis, Chuck Mangione, and Till Brönner just to name a few.

                                           Notable Trumpet Players

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Trumpet Brands

When you look for the best trumpet brands is necessary to take in to account if you need a beginner trumpet or maybe a kind of trumpet that is designed for the best trumpet player. Also if you are in a budget you can have the opportunity to find a used trumpet for sale.

That is why is better to analyze the trumpet brands according of the level of execution of the performer who is intended to use them.

Best Trumpet Brand For Beginners

For a beginner trumpeter that is playing trumpet long term, the most popular instruments are the Bach and the Yamaha models, but for players that want to spend less money in a cheap trumpet a great and very popular alternative would be the trumpets produced by LJ Hutchen.

Intermediate Players Trumpets

When we talk about intermediate 2 brands of trumpets that it worth to have a look in to, are Jupiter And Getzen, both are recognized for their ample catalog and excellent quality.

Another brand that you cannot let aside when looking for a good trumpet, is Yamaha, which is especially popular when people consider buying any kind of instrument.

Advance Players Trumpets Brands

About the best professional trumpets, the opinions are quite consensual and most of the trumpet savvy are going to say that without a doubt 2 excellent trumpet makers are Bach with its Stradivarius 180S37, and Kanstul,that which shows the Kanstul 1000 as one of its  best products.

 Trumpet Parts



The lead pipe is the mouthpiece container, and to avoid backlog is necessary to clean it often.

The Mouthpiece

Available in a number of sizes, is the part of the trumpet where the mouth is put on.

Different types of mouthpieces results in different sounds.

Main Tuning Slide

Located In the front area of the trumpet,the slide is used to press and elevate the pitch of the whole instrument, and also dragged out when lower the pitch is desired. If you want to avoid the slides to stick, it is a good idea to grease them regularly.


Normally made from brass and coated with silver with a livelier sound, or gold to make the sound mellower, the bell works like a speaker, and it is the place where the sound comes out. Also the sound of the trumpet is affected for the size of the bell, which releases different sharpness of sound depending on the flare(size) of it.


To change the air path into different slides, you use the valve pistons, which need to be taken care of, in the right way using oil to prevent damage provoked for the exposure to air and the continuous utilization. The last is the closest to the bell, the second valve piston is in the interior, and the first is the closest to the player.

Valve Casings

The tubes that are connected to the pistons.

Finger Hook

The finger hook is the part of the trumpet that allows the player to hold it, keeping the other hand free.



Alto Saxophone Fingering Chart Explained


For any person that is starting to play alto saxophone ,the alto saxophone fingering chart is particularly important. This amazing tool will be of huge help when we try to comprehend the instrument fingering. Even many alto saxophone fingerings are quite instinctual, there are some that are difficult to imagine, is there when this graph comes in help for the students of this amazing musical instrument.

Read About more Fingering Charts


Saxophone family

At the beginning, the Belgian instrument maker Adolphe Sax conceived the idea to create a complete orchestra of only saxophones. This concept was the source of the saxophone family, which in some moments was formed for 14 different instruments. The range of saxophone started from the contrabass and finished with the sopranino.

Nevertheless these days the most commonly used are only 5 kinds of saxophones.

  • The bass saxophone
  • The baritone saxophone
  • The tenor saxophone
  • The alto saxophone
  • The soprano saxophone

How to play saxophone

Before to describe the steps that have to be followed to learn how to play the of saxophone, is necessary to understand how important is the right embouchure when intending to generate a good sound.

Playing with the correct embouchure to produce a good tone is an equally important element when  playing the saxophone as the notes and fingerings learning.

Advice for beginners

Place your teeth on top of the mouthpiece and with the wet reed adjust the ligature to the desire tone, laying the correct portion of them in the mouth.

Instead of pressing hardly backward, embrace the sides of your mouth in a circular shape.

The air stream should be steady and soft.

Tonguing the notes; with the edge of your tongue touch the head of the reed when starting to play a note.


Saxophones; Popular jazz instruments

Saxophones has been used in jazz from the 1920’s when Coleman Hawkins performed in the Fletcher Henderson Orchestra, and since then have been recognized as one of the most  used in jazz music. As an image the saxophone is greatly associated with jazz and is often utilized as a symbol of the iconic swing style.

Many Chicago jazz musicians followed the example of Hawkins and adopted it like their favorite musical instrument, With another like piano, contrabass and drums became the base of the majority of the jazz bands that played mostly in New Orleans and Chicago, being the most notorious the Duke Ellington Orchestra and later in the 1930’s the swing bands which performed numerous arrangements especially made for wind instruments.

In those days the saxophone was able to be considered, as important as, the trumpet by the jazz ensembles fanatics , that have been impressed by the performance of the saxophonists of the Count Basie orchestra and the saxophone player Lester Young .The attention that the instrument attracted surge even more with the release of the record “body and soul” played by Coleman Hawkins.

In the 1940 Charlie “Bird”Parker and other players of the bebop revolution made the popularity of the saxophone increased to levels unseen before. Due to the format of the bebop groups, that gave to each player significant importance, the piano, drums, contrabass and saxophone won the special preference of the jazz playing beginners.

Outstanding Saxophone Players

Great saxophone players is something that  we could speak about for hours,because the amount of amazing players of this instrument is so big and the passion that the instrument provoke is huge.

Nowadays the saxophone is as popular as for example the guitar ,and is possible to find skillful players everywhere in the world.The instrument is played in a variety of music styles and no matters the kind of music in which is played ,is broadly appreciated.

Besides  Hawkins,Ellington,Basie and Parker are another ecxeptional players like:Thelonious Monkzy,Dizzy Gillespie,Bud Powell,Wayne Sorter,john Coltrane,Jan Garbarek,Stan Getz, Ornette Coleman  and many more.

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