Woodwind Instruments

The name of this family of instruments comes from the fact that in the past they used to be confectioned from wood.Nowadays they are made from several materials, like brass, metals, combinations of several raw materials and of course also from wood.

These instruments are divided mainly in two types: Red pipes and flutes. The manner in which they release the sound is what makes the difference with other wind instruments.

The bass clarinet, piccolo, E-flat clarinet, and contrabassoon are generally seen used as supplementary woodwind instruments in the woodwind sections of the contemporary orchestras which are mainly compounded by bassoons, oboes, clarinets, and flutes. Also sometimes saxophones are included in the performance of this kind of orchestras.

The main difference between orchestras and concerts settings, is that the windwood sections that are displayed in concerts are much bigger than the sections that are used in an orchestra

Woodwind instrument list


Being a member of the woodwind instruments family, the clarinet consist of a cylindrical tube that is composed by a mouth piece, a ligature, a reed, a barrel and an upper and lower joint. Beginners clarinet music is learnt by using a clarinet fingering chart where the clarinet sheet music displays  how should the clarinet notes be executed.




Referred to as the sax the instrument is also a member of the woodwind family. Normally made of brass the saxophone, like the clarinet is also played with a mouthpiece that is compounded for 1 reed. With the clarinet has in common, that both woodwind instruments are played using a key structure that the performers use to close their holes .By pressing a key the the player is able to close or open a hole using its pad.





Also been part of the woodwind family, the bassoon uses a double reed to generate its sound, and the music that is played with it is often composed in the tenor and bass cleff. Known as it is today from the 1900’s ,this woodwind instrument has been occupied mainly in chamber and concert music. The sound of the bassoon is mostly recognized for the deep timber that emanate from it.




The oboe as the bassoon is a double reed woodwind instrument, and they play usually the soprano or treble clef.In the present Oboes are also made from synthetic raw material, but the ample majority of oboes are made from wood.These musical instruments are compounded by, a conical bore, a flared bell and metal keys. The circular tube is approximately 25 ½ inches.




Been a woodwind instrument, the flute is one of the instruments that doesn’t use reeds. It produces the sound from the circulation of air across a tube, and this is the main reason why is part of the group called aerophones instruments.  The flute is one of the oldest instruments that the historians and scientist have found evidence about.Flutes dating from about 40,000 years ago have been recently found found in Germany.




Another member of the woodwind family of musical instruments the piccolo is a half flute that has the same fingerings as the transverse flute but the sound is an octave higher than the aforementioned. Piccolos nowadays are manufactured from several materials, like, resin, plastic, brass, silver, and a many woods, especially the popular granadilla, but in the past were made from glass, ivory and also wood.



As we have seen, the world of woodwind instruments is really rich and the music enthusiast have an ample shade of sounds , colors and volumes from where they can choose their favorite wind instrument.

The choice will depends on the taste of the interested, and the skills that each instrument requires to be performed properly, and how the players can adapt themselves to them. We hope that we have helped to stretch the knowledge of the these kind of instruments in our community.

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